Cinnamon rose, Rosa majalis
Of all the naturally occurring rose varieties in Finland, cinnamon rose is the only one that grows throughout the country. It is plentiful in fields and ditches. In the early autumn, cinnamon rose is recognised by its wonderful autumn colours: as the weather turns colder, the leaves turn a beautiful orange-yellow and red. The rose hips (the very early fruits) of the cinnamon rose plant are small, red and round.
Cinnamon rose leaves are good for making tea. The flower petals can be used both for cooking and for their pleasant fragrance. The rose hips contain a lot of vitamin C, and are good for many purposes, such as making marmalades, teas, stewed juice and fresh juice.
Something to try
Homemade rosewater: 20-30 cinnamon rose petals, a saucepan with a lid, a small heat-resistant container that fits into the saucepan, a small glass bottle, a funnel, and ice cubes.
Remove the petals from the rose, tear them and put them in the saucepan. Add 2.5 decilitres of water. Place the smaller, heat-resistant container in the pot. Place the kettle on the stove, with the upside-down lid on top. Put the ice cubes into the lid. Bring the rose water to the boil, and let it boil gently for about 5 minutes. Allow it to cool for a short while. Then lift the lid off gently, and throw away the ice water. Lift out the heat-resistant container and set it aside to cool down. As you’ll see, this container now contains distilled rose water. Once it has cooled, use the funnel to pour the rose water into the glass bottle. Homemade rose water is best kept in a cool place.
Gathering the plants
Cinnamon rose comes into bloom in June-July, and the rose hips ripen in the early autumn.
Other interesting facts
Cinnamon rose does not grow well in shaded forests or other shaded habitats. However, it thrives in parks, near areas populated by people, in homes, in deciduous woodland, and on the roadside.